for newly elected president of South Korea
: How can we build a
sustainable Zero Waste Society
May 30, 2017
Waste Movement Network
1. Achieving zero discards to the landfill or incineration
(1) New Deal for Zero
Waste green jobs: More than 30 local governments in the U.S. announced plans
for 100% diversion by 2020. About 100,000 jobs are expected to be created
through implementation of the Zero Waste goals.
(2) Maximize reuse and
recycling: Recycling is critical for countries with scant natural resources
like Korea. While many developed countries approach resource management in the
perspective of resource security, Korea still lacks awareness-building efforts
and infrastructures. Policies focused on resources security should be developed
to ensure high quality recycling and promote resource circulation.
landfill/incineration tax and reduce waiver on hazardous substances
2. Building Zero Waste Network ‘Upcycling Korea’
(1) Establish a database
of local Zero Waste practices
statistics on waste including local level should be prioritized. Currently
local governments manually process data on household waste after receiving them
from contracted waste management companies to report to the central government.
statistical system, especially at the local level, should be put in place in
order to provide adequate information to the public.
(2) Improve collection
and transportation system
transfer stations are not being properly managed because they are not
classified as waste management facilities. Transfer stations should be
incorporated in the current waste management system by amending relevant
should create an enabling environment to encourage waste management companies
equipped with high technology and expertise to expand their practices
nationwide while ensuring that there are more than 5 companies in each local
autonomous entity to strengthen the competitiveness.
(3) Build an
infrastructure for effective recycling
government should stabilize the price of recycling materials to prevent
resources from ending up either in landfill or incinerator depending on the
unstable market price.
Producer Responsibility(EPR) must be strengthened because current waste levy
system and voluntary agreement system can be misused to avoid recycling cost.
Packaging industry should start manufacture with recyclable materials instead
management of organic waste can be achieved by raising awareness on composting
and strengthening the role of local governments in treating food waste
effluent. Especially, solidifying sewage sludge for landfill should not be
understood as recycling.
government should develop technologies and induce investment to improve the
quality of recycling materials with less logistical cost.
(4) Promote culture of sharing in towns and
3. Vitalizing voluntary civic participation
(1) Establish a
public-private governance for greater public support on Zero Waste policies
support from the public as well as building institutional and physical
infrastructures is crucial for achieving a circular economy.
government should operate education programs to offer citizens opportunities to
learn about reducing, reusing, recycling in their daily life.
order to reduce the amount of waste generated at the local, collaboration with
environmental organizations must be institutionalized through participatory
(2) Support development of
voluntary resource management models at the local level
more autonomous model of waste management should be developed at the local
level as waste resources can add value to connecting environment and social
welfare. Financially supporting a social enterprise that works to assist
low-income senior citizens to collect and sort out waste resources can be an
the fact that as high as 80% of all collected materials for recycling comes
from junk shops, there have been legal restrictions on junk shops which label
them as illegal. Korea should protect low-cost and high efficiency practices of
junk shops by amending the National Land Use Law.